Normalizing Wastewater Data

Apr 2023

In this white paper, we propose a framework for selecting and evaluating normalization approaches for any wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) application. At minimum, a normalization approach must be theoretically justified and logistically practical. Additionally, normalization approaches may provide direct estimates of the effect being accounted for, improve representation of external trends, and/or improve the interpretability of the data.

In this white paper, you’ll learn:

  • Why wastewater normalization is important and how it works. 
  • The pros and cons of using marker normalization and metadata normalization. 
  • How to evaluate presumed environmental effects and practical constraints of the specific WBE application to choose a normalization approach. 

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Normalizing Wastewater Data

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